Russian President Vladimir Putin is extending his propaganda marketing campaign about Ukraine into the nation’s excessive faculties.
Russia this week launched an up to date textbook that helps his narrative about Ukraine, the U.S. and its western allies as he seeks to overtake the curriculum within the coming yr.
Critics say the brand new textbook lays out a false narrative in regards to the battle in Ukraine, which Russia nonetheless refers to as a ”particular army operation,” and goals to erase Ukrainian historical past. Putin additionally seems to be utilizing it as a part of a objective of mobilizing youth towards an more and more militarized tradition.
The Russian faculty curriculum will probably be disseminated in Crimea, which Putin illegally annexed in 2014, in addition to Russian-occupied territories in japanese Ukraine, based on human rights group Amnesty Worldwide.
Fedor Krasheninnikov, a Russian political analyst and frequent Kremlin critic, stated the textbooks are a “particular development” of Putin’s view of actuality.
“He created this textbook by propaganda,” he stated. “It’s not an actual textbook.”
The brand new textbook, referred to as the “Historical past of Russia 1945 — The Begin of twenty first Century,” is designed for older high-school college students in Russia and Russian-held territories.
Based on pictures shared by Russian state-run media shops, the textbooks accuse Ukraine of being an “ultra-nationalist state,” the place any dissent is “harshly persecuted, opposition is banned, all the pieces Russian is said hostile.”
The textbooks accuse the West of stealing property from Russia, say the U.S. was the instigator of the battle in Ukraine and accuse Washington of utilizing Ukrainians to destroy the Russian state.
It additionally falsely states that the western safety alliance NATO was plotting to assault the Donbas area of japanese Ukraine and that Russia needed to block Ukraine from becoming a member of NATO to stop a wider, harmful battle, based on Amnesty Worldwide.
Taras Kuzio, a professor of political science on the Nationwide College of Kyiv Mohyla Academy, stated the textbook exaggerates Russia’s victimhood, ignores its imperialistic ambitions, and propagates the “exceptionalism” of Russia.
“On this extremely distorted and hopelessly partisan studying of historical past, the most important nation on the planet can also be the world’s largest sufferer,” Kuzio wrote in an evaluation. “This embrace of exceptionalism encourages Russians to romanticize the violence that has outlined a lot of their nation’s historical past.”
Russian Minister of Training Sergei Kravtsov stated the brand new textbooks are designed for eleventh grade college students and can inform “crucial occasions associated to the reunification of Crimea and Sevastopol, the causes and progress of a particular army operation, and the entry into the Russian Federation of latest areas.”
“It tells in regards to the feat of our new heroes of the Fatherland,” Kravtsov stated at a gathering with Russian authorities leaders in August, based on state-run media outlet Tass.
The ebook was written by Russian historians Alexander Chubaryan, Anatoly Torkunov, Vladimir Medinsky. Medinsky is an aide to Putin and the Kremlin.
Anna Wright, a researcher of Jap Europe and Central Asia for Amnesty Worldwide, stated the brand new textbook “conceals the reality and misrepresents the information about severe human rights violations and crimes below worldwide regulation dedicated by Russian forces in opposition to Ukrainians.”
“Indoctrination of kids at a weak stage of their growth is a cynical try to eradicate Ukrainian tradition, heritage and id and can also be a violation of the best to schooling,” Wright stated in an announcement earlier this month.
The books are half of a bigger purpose to instill extra patriotism and militarism throughout Russia’s youth and schoolchildren, a spotlight Putin has renewed after it dwindled following the collapse of the Soviet Union.
Beginning this faculty yr, a brand new course referred to as “Fundamentals of Life Security,” will educate older Russian college students army drill formations, learn how to reload a rifle and use hand grenades.
In 2024, one other block of programs referred to as “The Fundamentals Of Security And Protection of the Motherland” is predicted to show college students extra army coaching fundamentals.
On the primary day of the college yr this month, Putin attended a classroom and spoke to 30 college students, based on the U.Okay. Protection Ministry.
“The brand new curriculum serves three goals: to indoctrinate college students with the Kremlin rationale for the ‘Particular Navy Operation’, instill college students with a martial mindset, and scale back coaching timelines for onwards mobilization and deployment,” the Defense Ministry assessed.
The brand new faculty curriculum additionally leans into some extent of pleasure for Russia: victory in World Struggle II over Nazi Germany. Putin has often referred to as Ukraine “neo-Nazis” and has used the time period and declare to justify his battle.
Krasheninnikov, the Russian political analyst, stated many Russians are unlikely to “imagine on this ideology” about an existential combat much like World Struggle II.
“German armies have been inside Russia,” he stated. “And the Ukrainian military is in Ukraine. It’s a wierd concept to be inside Ukraine and say it’s [another] World Struggle.”
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