A backdated examine from JAMA Pediatrics revealed that hospital admission charges have been considerably larger for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) in contrast with the omicron pressure of COVID or the flu.
The information, collected from testing of kids at Swedish emergency departments from August 2021 to September 2022, was reported by Dr. Pontus Hedberg and researchers from the Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm.
Hospitalization charges for RSV have been 81.7 p.c, in contrast with 31.5 p.c for omicron and 27.7 p.c for influenza.
“That RSV will be harmful for each infants and younger youngsters is well-known, however the main variations in hospitalization charges noticed for RSV in contrast with each SARS-CoV-2 omicron and influenza A/B throughout all age teams have been stunning,” Hedberg mentioned, in keeping with ABC Information.
Whereas intensive care unit (ICU) admission charges have been low for all three sicknesses, the charges have been highest for RSV. Out of the two,596 youngsters included within the examine, 2.9 p.c with RSV have been admitted to the ICU, in contrast with simply 0.9 p.c for influenza and 0.7 p.c for omicron.
Mortality inside 30 days was low as nicely. Two sufferers with omicron and one with RSV died.
The examine additionally discovered that the chances of newborns and infants as much as 1 yr of age being hospitalized with RSV have been 11 instances larger than these recognized with omicron, and that youngsters between 2 and 4 years outdated and people between 5 years 17 years outdated with RSV have been more likely to be hospitalized than these with omicron.
The examine confirmed that perinatal situations, bronchial asthma and congenital abnormalities have been widespread among the many youngsters who have been hospitalized.
The Facilities for Illness Management (CDC) has estimated that RSV results in 58,000 to 80,000 hospitalizations a yr and 100 to 300 deaths in youngsters beneath 5 years outdated.
The examine included 896 youngsters with omicron, 426 with influenza and 1,274 with RSV. Greater than 77 p.c of the youngsters with RSV and greater than 72 p.c of these with omicron have been youthful than 2 years outdated. Eighty-one p.c of the youngsters with the flu have been older.
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